CRS | Treatment of Noncitizens in H.R. 3200

August 31, 2009

Congressional Research Service. Treatment of Noncitizens in H.R. 3200. R40773, August 25, 2009 [Abstract (html)][Full Text (pdf)]

This report outlines the treatment of noncitizens (aliens) under H.R. 3200, America’s Affordable Health Choices Act of 2009. In particular, the report analyzes specific provisions in H.R. 3200, and whether there are eligibility requirements for noncitizens in the provisions. Within the bill, noncitizens are treated differently in several provisions. In 2008, there were approximately 37.3 million foreign-born persons in the United States. The foreign-born population was comprised of approximately 15.1 million naturalized U.S. citizens and 22.2 million noncitizens.

CRS | Unauthorized Aliens’ Access to Federal Benefits: Policy and Issues

August 30, 2009

Congressional Research Service. Unauthorized Aliens’ Access to Federal Benefits: Policy and Issues. RL34500.  August 20, 2009. [Full Text (pdf)]

Federal law bars aliens residing without authorization in the United States from most federal benefits; however, there is a widely held perception that many unauthorized aliens obtain such benefits. The degree to which unauthorized resident aliens should be accorded certain rights and privileges as a result of their residence in the United States, along with the duties owed by such aliens given their presence, remains the subject of intense debate in Congress. This report focuses on the policy and legislative debate surrounding unauthorized aliens’ access to federal benefits.

Researchers at the Pew Hispanic Center estimate that there were 11.9 million unauthorized immigrants living in the United States in March 2008. Jeffrey Passel’s calculations based on the 2008 March Current Population Survey (CPS) estimated that the number of persons living in families in which the head of the household or the spouse was an unauthorized alien was 16.6 million. There were 8.8 million unauthorized families, which he defines as a family unit or solo individual in which the head or spouse is unauthorized. A noteworthy portion of the households headed by unauthorized aliens are likely to have U.S. citizen children, as well as spouses who may be legal permanent residents (LPRs), and are referred to as “mixed status” families. The number of U.S. citizen children in “mixed status” families has grown from 2.7 million in 2003 to 4.0 million in 2008.

Passel estimates that one-in-three children who have a parent who is unauthorized is also considered poor according to the federal poverty rate. Policy researcher Steven Camarota concludes (based on his estimates drawn from the 2002 CPS) that the U.S. citizen children of unauthorized aliens account for much of the costs associated with illegal migration.

Jacob Hacker | Public Plan Choice in Congressional Health Plans: The Good, the Not-So-Good and the Ugly

August 29, 2009

J.S. Hacker. Public Plan Choice in Congressional Health Plans: The Good, the Not-So-Good and the Ugly. (Washington, DC: Institute for America’s Future, August 20 2009). [Full Text (pdf)]

This policy brief explores the various versions of public plan choice on the congressional agenda and shows how their best aspects can be combined to produce an effective public plan that will deliver on its promise—and why the cooperative “alternative” embraced by negotiators in the Senate Finance Committee does not merit consideration.

HCFO Special Topic Solicitation Closes September 8th

August 25, 2009

The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation’s Changes in Health Care Financing and Organization (HCFO) initiative has released a special topic solicitation to address the most critical questions related to the Medicare Part D prescription drug benefit. This solicitation features a batched application process. Therefore, all proposals submitted under the solicitation will be reviewed simultaneously and competitively. The deadline to submit to this solicitation is Tuesday September 8, 2009.

Please review the solicitation posted on the HCFO website for information regarding potential areas of research, guidelines, and a timeline for the solicitation.

Please note, only the special topic solicitation will close on September 8th. The HCFO program will continue to accept proposals on a rolling basis.

AHRQ Grant Program for Large or Recurring Conferences (R13)

August 20, 2009

The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), announces its continued interest in supporting conferences through its Large or Recurring Grant Program for Conference Support. AHRQ seeks to support conferences that help to further its mission to improve the quality, safety, efficiency, and effectiveness of health care for all Americans. The types of conferences eligible for support include: 1) Research development – conferences where issues or challenges in the practice and delivery of health care are defined and a research agenda or strategy for studying them is developed; 2) Research design and methodology – conferences where methodological and technical issues of major importance to the field of health services research are addressed or new designs and methodologies are developed; 3) Dissemination and implementation – conferences where research findings and evidence-based information and tools are summarized, communicated and used by organizations and individuals that have the capability to use the information to improve the outcomes, quality, access to, and cost and utilization of health care services; and/or, 4) Research training, infrastructure and career development -conferences where faculty, trainees and students are brought together with stakeholders to develop, share or disseminate research products, experiences, curricula, syllabi, or training competencies. [Details]

Opening DateNovember 12, 2009 (Earliest date an application may be submitted to
Peer Review Date(s): Generally four months after receipt date
Earliest Anticipated Start Date(s): Generally four months after peer review date.

RWJ Grants Available | Rethinking Mental Health: Improving Community Wellbeing

August 20, 2009

Mental health is critical to overall health and well-being. Serious mental illness, such as major depression and schizophrenia, is a leading cause of disability worldwide, yet only a small fraction of people in need of treatment have access to care in their communities. Many more are subject to neglect and abuse of their human and civil rights whether living on the streets or locked in an institution. One of the first steps to improving individual and community well-being is to break down the stigmas that have plagued the field for far too long. Success in mental health depends upon the contributions and commitment of the entire community and a willingness to break the mold.

Rethinking Mental Health: Improving Community Wellbeing, an online, open source competition co-sponsored by RWJF’s Vulnerable Populations Portfolio and Changemakers, challenges organizations to explore innovations that allow individuals, families, communities and society to move past narrow perceptions of mental health and expand our understanding and collective involvement in finding solutions.

To learn more about how RWJF and Changemakers have framed this issue, read the Welcome Letter from RWJF Team Director Jane Isaacs Lowe.

Deadline:  October 14, 2009

Source: Rethinking Mental Health: Improving Community Wellbeing.

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation | Health & Society Scholars Program

August 20, 2009

The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Health & Society Scholars program is designed to build the nation’s capacity for research, leadership and policy change to address the broad range of factors that affect health. The program is based on the principle that progress in the field of population health depends upon collaboration and exchange among the social, behavioral, biological and health sciences. Its goal is to improve health by training scholars to:

1. investigate rigorously the connections among genetic, behavioral, environmental, economic and social determinants of health; and

2. develop, evaluate and disseminate knowledge and interventions based upon integration of these determinants.

The program is intended to produce leaders who will change the questions asked, the methods employed to analyze problems and the range of solutions to reduce population health disparities and improve the health of all Americans..

Deadline: Oct. 2, 2009.

The official announcement and description of this opportunity may be found on the funding agency’s website.