The Impacts of Health Insurance and Child Care on Job Retention and Mobility among Low-Income Mothers

Sunhwa Lee. Keeping Moms on the Job: The Impacts of Health Insurance and Child Care on Job Retention and Mobility among Low-Income Mothers. Washington, DC: Institute for Women’s Policy Research, 2007.

Building on prior research, this report examines factors related to job retention and labor market advancement among low-wage workers, and suggests effective policy strategies for improving their labor market outcomes. Using data from a national longitudinal survey, The Survey of Income and Program Participation, the report assesses the importance of various factors that facilitate or hinder job retention among low-income mothers. It also investigates what happens when they leave a job: are they moving to a better job, and if so, what helps or hinders their move to a better-paying job? Since a majority of welfare leavers and low-wage workers are women, particularly single mothers, the study pays special attention to work supports that can be important for job stability among working mothers, such as employer-provided health insurance, child care subsidies, and child care arrangements. Other major factors considered in the study are: personal/family characteristics (race/ethnicity, education, marital status, health status, presence of young children, etc.) and job characteristics (full-time status, occupation, hourly wages, union membership, etc.). Full report (pdf)

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